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Freitag, 25. September 2020

Grass Handicraft with Long History


 
Pyongyang, September 25 (KCNA) -- Korea has a long history of grass handicraft. From olden times, its people have made daily necessaries with different kinds of vegetable materials. At the beginning they made only baskets or mesh bags with dried grass or bark, and this handicraft was gradually developed into one of the national industrial arts reflecting aesthetic feelings and vital needs. In the Middle Age, fine workmanship and beautiful color patterns were created and grass works depicting human life and natural scenery were made to enhance the artistic value. In Koryo period (918-1392), sedge mats and cushions with various patterns like ten long-living animals and things enjoyed great popularity. In the period of the feudal Joson dynasty (1392-1910), mats with flower patterns were chosen as one of the special products of Korea, which came to be known as a world-famous mat producer. Grass handicraft is now being further developed in keeping with the emotion and aesthetic sense of the Korean people. Grass-work factories and cooperatives in the DPRK have turned out cushion, bag, hat, shoes and other products with sedge, corn shuck, etc. Their products won a high appreciation at international and national exhibitions of commodities. -0-

Records of Feudal Joson Dynasty, National Classic of Korea

 Pyongyang, September 25 (KCNA) -- The Chronicles of the Feudal Joson Dynasty, national classic of Korea, consists of 1 763 volumes. The chronicles recorded the 500-odd-year-long history of the feudal Joson dynasty (1392-1910) according to ruling periods of 27 kings in chronological order. It deals with such data as the then politics, economy, military affairs, diplomacy, education, ideology, religious belief, ethics, moral life, astronomy, weather, geography, medical science, science and technology and customs of the people. In the last Fatherland Liberation War (1950-1953), President Kim Il Sung conducted an unprecedented operation for rescuing the Chronicles of the Feudal Joson Dynasty. Early in July Juche 39 (1950), he summoned officials to the Supreme Command and said that he was planning to dispatch them to Seoul for bringing the national classic. Noting that all valuable things of the nation were in danger due to the war, he instructed them to rescue the national classic at any cost. He handed out the credentials bearing his august name to those officials and issued an order of the Supreme Commander to relevant organs and units to assist their operation. After all, a route for bringing the chronicles was marked on the map of operations at the Supreme Command and a military truck was allotted to the transport of the chronicles. When they brought the original chronicles, the President took a measure to safely preserve it at the Supreme Command. Thanks to his noble love for the nation, the Chronicles of the Feudal Joson Dynasty could be preserved as a precious treasure of the Korean nation even in the flames of the war. -0-

Koryo Songgyungwan University

 Pyongyang, September 25 (KCNA) -- Koryo Songgyungwan University in the DPRK is the oldest school in the world. The university, located at the foot of Mt Songak in Kaesong City, was a supreme education institution of Koryo (918-1392), the first unified state in Korea, built for training talents. The Korean nation boasting of 5 000-year-long history and culture established "Thaehak", a base of training government official reserve, and developed education in the period of Koguryo Kingdom (B.C. 277-A.D. 668). Inheriting the educational tradition of Koguryo, Koryo established Songgyungwan in 992 to direct efforts to training talents. At that time, students at Songgyungwan received education in the Classical Canon, law, mathematics, calligraphy, etc. According to historical documents, many famous patriotic generals and scholars were produced among the graduates of Songgyungwan. Koryo Songgyungwan University, successor to Songgyungwan, is now turned into a comprehensive educational base training talents needed for the development of light industry of the country. -0-

Catapult Showing Korean Nation's Wisdom and Talents

 Pyongyang, September 25 (KCNA) -- Among the historical relics showing the wisdom and talents of the Korean nation is catapult. The catapult was invented in the period of Ancient Korea (early 30th century B.C.-108 B.C.). It had been widely used in the battles against foreign aggressors and steadily developed until the feudal Joson dynasty (1392-1910). In particular, a repeating catapult with cartridge was convenient for use and high in the rate of hits. Typical of the historical catapults is the one discovered at a group of tombs in Jongbaek-dong, Rangnang District, Pyongyang City. A foreign weapons expert said that the catapult of the Korean nation is simple in structure and acts like a rifle. -0-

Natural Stones Used as Building Materials

Pyongyang, September 25 (KCNA) -- The DPRK has inexhaustible deposits of quality natural stones. Construction units across the country are using high-grade building materials made of such natural stones as granite, marble and natural slate.In recent years, quality processed stones produced by Osoksan and Ryonggang granite mines and the Korea Natural Stone Processing Trading Corporation were used in sprucing-up of Samjiyon City and construction of Ryomyong Street and many other objects. Patterns of natural stones are preserved in the production of processed stones including granite fence, natural stone-pattern ornamental fence, baluster, handrail and interior and exterior grinding plate stones.The Kangdong Stone Tile Mine started the production of glossy black-colored stone tiles with white cloudscape patterns. Those tiles have been introduced into the construction of the Wonsan Kalma coastal tourist area and other various construction objects. -0-